Mar 06

The Ways of Zion Do Mourn (Lamentations 1:1,1:4; 2:10; 2 Samuel 1:19; Job 29:11,12,14; Philippians 4:8; Psalm 103:17; 112:6; Daniel 12:3) – George F. Handel

Portrait of Georg Friedrich Händel Deutsch: Ge...

Portrait of Georg Friedrich Händel Deutsch: Georg Friedrich Händel (1733) Español: Georg Friedrich Händel en 1733 Français : Georg Friedrich Haendel en 1733 Nederlands: Georg Friedrich Händel Polski: G. F. Händel w 1733 roku Русский: Георг Фридрих Гендель (1733) Svenska: Georg Friedrich Händel (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Lamentations 1:1,1:4; 2:10
2 Samuel 1:19
Job 29:11,12,14
Philippians 4:8
Psalm 103:17; 112:6; 
Daniel 12:3

How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary!

The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness.

10 The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, and keep silence: they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth: the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground.

19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!

11 When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me:

12 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him.

14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe and a diadem.

Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.

17 But the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children’s children;

Surely he shall not be moved for ever: the righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance.

And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.

The Ways of Zion Do Mourn / Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline, composed in 1737 by George Frideric Handel (1685-1759)


Performed by Monteverdi Orchestra, John Eliot Gardiner

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Choral (SATB). Composed by George Frideric Handel (1685-1759). Edited by Watkins Shaw. Music Sales America. Baroque, Choral. 112 pages. Novello & Co Ltd. #NOV070435. Published by Novello & Co Ltd. (HL.14035615).

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Oct 27

In guilty night: Saul and the Witch of Endor (1 Samuel 28:8-20) – Henry Purcell

 

Apparition of the spirit of Samuel to Saul, by...

Apparition of the spirit of Samuel to Saul, by Salvator Rosa, 1668. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1 Samuel 28:8-20

8 And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring me him up, whom I shall name unto thee.

9 And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die?

10 And Saul sware to her by the Lord, saying, As the Lord liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.

11 Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel.

12 And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul.

13 And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth.

14 And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself.

English: Saul and the Witch of Endor (1Sam. 28...

English: Saul and the Witch of Endor (1 Sam. 28:7-25)  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

15 And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.

16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing theLord is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy?

17 And the Lord hath done to him, as he spake by me: for the Lord hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to David:

18 Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the Lord, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the Lord done this thing unto thee this day.

19 Moreover the Lord will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me: the Lord also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.

20 Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.

Purcell’s music text paraphrase:

Chorus:

In guilty night, and hid in false disguise,
Forsaken Saul to Endor comes and cries :
Saul:
Woman, arise, call powerful arts together,
And raise the ghost, whom I shall name, up hither.
Witch:
Why should’st thou wish me die? Forbear my son,
Dost thou not know what cruel Saul has done?
How he has killed, has killed and murdered all
That were wise and could on spirits call?
Saul:
Woman, be bold, do but the thing I wish,
No harm from Saul shall come to thee for this.
Witch:
Whom shall I raise or call? I’ll make him hear.

Saul and the Witch of Endor

Saul and the Witch of Endor (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Saul:
Old Samuel, let only him appear!
Witch:
Alas!
Saul:
What, what dost thou fear?
Witch:
Nought else but thee,
For thou art Saul, alas! and hast beguiled me.
Saul:
Peace, and go on, what seest thou? let me know.
Witch
I see the gods ascending from below.
Saul:
Who’s he that comes?

Saul and the Witch of Endor

Saul and the Witch of Endor (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Witch:
An old man mantled o’er.
Saul:
Oh! that is he, let me that ghost adore.
Samuel:
Why hast thou robbed me of my rest to see
That which I hate? this wicked world and thee?
Saul:
Oh! I’m sore distressed, vexed sore;
God has left me and answers me no more;
Distressed with war, with inward terrors too,
For pity’s sake tell me, what shall I do?
Samuel:
Art thou forlorn of God and com’st to me?
What can I tell thee then but misery?
This kingdom’s gone into thy neighbour’s race,
Thine host shall fall by sword before thy face.
Tomorrow then, till then farewell and breathe:
Thou and thy son tomorrow shall be with me beneath.
Chorus:
Farewell, oh! farewell.

In guilty night: Saul and the witch of Endor, Z134 (published in 1693), composed by Henry Purcell (1659-1695).

Additional scripture reminder to readers about witches, if there is a greater fascination about witchcraft at this time of year, so close to Halloween:

10 Let no one be found among you who sacrifices their son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, 11 or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. 12 Anyone who does these things is detestable to the Lord; … — Deut. 18:10-12a (New International Version)

See also: Wikipedia on the Witch of Endor.


Performed by Susan Gritton, soprano; Rogers Covey-Crump, tenor; Michael George, bass
The King’s Consort, Robert King

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MP3: In Guilty Night / Henry Purcell / William Christie, Les Arts Florissants, Claire Debono, Paul Agnew, Konstantin Wolff, Elizabeth Kenny, Anne-Marie Lasla / Warner Classics, Erato

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In Guilty Night (from Saul). By Henry Purcell (1659-1695). Published by Edition Walhall

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